Vaccine Diplomacy

India is facing a huge surge in the second wave of Covid-19 cases. It is really important to vaccinate all the youth as soon as possible because the Indian economy is in the hands of the youth, they contribute around half to the Indian economy’s development but due to the current situation in India. We need to improve our global image and also build trust in the minds of Indian diaspora and the foreigners who want to visit India but are afraid of Covid-19 infections.

India as the fifth-largest economy in the world has the responsibility towards some underdeveloped countries like the countries in Africa and Latin America. This is going to improve India’s soft power and efforts of the Indian External Affairs Ministry in creating a strong bond through its collaborative foreign policies. Recently, the Drug Controller General of India approved two vaccines, Covishield by the Serum Institute of India and Covaxin by Bharat Biotech.

COVISHEILD: It is the name given to an Oxford-AstraZeneca Covid-19 vaccine which is technically referred to as AZD1222 or ChAdOx 1 nCoV-19.

COVAXIN: It is India’s only indigenous Covid-19 vaccine. This vaccine is safe and no major side effects are expected.

Of the two vaccines, COVAXIN is an inactivated vaccine whereas COVISHIELD is a live vaccine.

Vaccine diplomacy is the branch of global health diplomacy in which a nation uses the development or delivery of vaccines to strengthen its global ties with other nations.

Collaborative efforts also include the joint development of life-saving vaccines and related technology with major actors, typically scientists coming together to work irrespective of the kind of diplomatic relationships between the participating countries. It could provide innovative opportunities to promote India’s foreign policy and diplomatic relations between nations in its neighbourhood. 

India had earlier supplied Hydroxychloroquine, Remdesivir, and Paracetamol tablets as well as diagnostic kits, ventilators, masks, gloves, and other medical supplies to a large number of countries to help them deal with the pandemic. India has also carried out capacity-building and training workshops for neighbourhood countries.

India’s Prime minister started a drive of the vaccine ‘Maitri’ program to build strong relations with the countries which are on the edge of getting into the debt trap of several countries. Recently, India saved Paraguay from getting into the Chinese debt trap.


Shipments have begun arriving in the Maldives, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Nepal. Myanmar and Seychelles are next in the line to get the consignment.

In the case of Sri Lanka, Afghanistan, and Mauritius, India is awaiting their confirmation of necessary regulatory clearance.

The only exception to India’s regional vaccine diplomacy would be Pakistan, which has cleared the AstraZeneca vaccine for use but has neither requested nor discussed any doses from India, yet.

Importance of India’s vaccine diplomacy

By financing shipments from India, assistance programs for cash-strapped neighbouring countries desperately needing such assistance, India shall earn the long-term goodwill of its immediate neighbours and across Indian Ocean countries. It is in line with India’s neighbourhood policy. China recently offered its vaccine to Nepal, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh as it held a multilateral dialogue with the four countries and Pakistan on anti-epidemic prevention. Early shipment from India to these countries could help counter China’s vaccine and mask diplomacy with its neighbourhood. While the affluent western world, notably the US and Europe, are focused exclusively on their own problems, India is being appreciated for helping its neighbours and developing countries who could not afford assistance.

Beyond India’s immediate neighbours, South Korea, Qatar, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Morocco, and South Africa have all shown the inclination to purchase vaccines from India which is estimated to be 60% of the global supply of inoculants.

India can become the pharmacy of the world. If the Indian vaccine helps developing countries to fulfil their need they can become the future long-term destinations for market expansion of Indian pharma, if India becomes the manufacturing hub of corona vaccine across the world, it shall give a boost to the GDP of India.

The US-China cold war has been accused of distribution of vaccine, which caused the inordinate delay in commencing the inoculation programs by the World Health Organization. Thus, the early shipment of vaccines by India is seen as a rescue from this bipolar tussle.

India has emerged as a global supply chain holder of the world’s vaccines. People are arguing and complaining that the Government of India is not taking care of their people. They are surfacing their opinions because of the current situation in the country. They are fighting to get vaccinated and to get Oxygen.

Now, the benefit of the Maitri program is reverting to India because the countries to whom India supplied vaccines are now gifting Oxygen concentrators to India. Which mainly include France, Russia, Singapore, Indonesia, United States, Germany, among many more. This Give and Take relationship makes the bond strong and this trust helps in building harmony in collaborative efforts put by any individual or organization towards the development of society.  

Many countries are helping India emerge victorious from this big surge in cases. Some are providing oxygen, ventilators, oximeters, and other medical equipment. This level of help is only possible because of India’s soft power and the Vaccine Maitri program is the best example of India’s soft power.

As India has a significant presence in the global market. Many countries are following India’s decision. So, this gesture of India towards global wellness sets a great impact on their foreign policies.

This Post Has 61 Comments

  1. Aarushi

    Well researched and nicely explained

  2. Pratham

    Really insightful and much needed in current circumstances

  3. Saumya

    Thanks for sharing. Really helpful

    1. Rahul gupta

      Really insightful and much needed in current circumstances

  4. Harsh

    Well researched and nicely structured

  5. Sumanyu

    Really informative and very helpful

    1. Adarsh mishra

      Very importante.

  6. Reena

    Well researched and nicely explained

  7. Tanisha

    Well Research and informative post about vaccine diplomacy

  8. Tanisha

    It is very important to get the youth community vaccinated in India

  9. Tanisha

    India is developing friendly relations with the underdeveloped country through helping them

  10. Tanisha

    Other countries are providing India with all necessary help a result of friendly relations of India

    1. Yash Gupta

      To fight with covid and the current situation we all have to go for vaccination that the only and important thing for us

  11. Tanisha

    Vaccination is the only toolkit to fight against covid-19

  12. Tanisha

    India is emerging as the leading country in the Global market in terms of its pharmacy production particularly for vaccine

  13. Prachi jain

    India is developing friendly relations with the underdeveloped country through helping them

  14. Preeti verma

    Thanks for sharing Really helpful😊

  15. Rahul gupta

    Really insightful and much needed in current circumstances

  16. Bhavna

    Vaccination is the only toolkit to fight against covid-19

  17. Kavya sharma

    Other countries are providing India with all necessary help a result of friendly relations of India

  18. Naira verma

    Well researched and nicely structured

  19. Devendra Kumar Thakur

    In my opinion, plz take all precautions nd get vaccines,🔥🔥🔥🔥 nd plz believe indian vaccines ✌️✌️✌️

  20. Ritu kumari

    Great post🔥🔥🔥🔥🔥

  21. Satish Kumar

    Very crucial time for all , be safe🙏🙏🙏🙏

  22. Rajnish Kumar

    Very well researched ❤️❤️❤️❤️🔥🔥🔥

  23. Mahendra Kumar Thakur

    Really helpful post, i appreciate it 👍👍👍👍✌️✌️

  24. Manshi Sinha

    Knowledgeable I am waiting for more information

  25. Binita Majumder

    Very much informative and thank you for sharing

  26. Tapati Majumder

    Very much informative and thank you for sharing

  27. Shaoni Majumder

    Very much informative and thank you for sharing

  28. Subhasish Bhowmick

    Very much informative and thank you for sharing

  29. Swapan Kr Majumdar

    Very much informative and thank you for sharing

  30. Swapan Majumder

    Very much informative and thank you for sharing

  31. Mansha Dhikkar

    Very insightful! Thank you for sharing such content.

  32. Kavya

    Thank you for sharing this, really helpful

  33. Bhavani

    This is really helpfull. This is needed now

  34. Vanaja

    Thanks for sharing this

  35. Bhargav

    Thankss fir sharing this

  36. Meghan

    Thanks for awaring uss

  37. Vamshi

    This I said very much needed

  38. Dakshita

    Very insightful! Thank you for sharing such content

  39. gauri

    Thank you for sharing this, really helpful

  40. Shivika

    Very much informative and thank you for sharing

  41. Vanshika Yadav

    Thankyou for sharing this article

  42. gauri

    such an informative article 👏

  43. Sheetal

    Thank you for sharing this, really helpful

  44. Nikita

    The growth of the pharmacy sector in India will surely help in the growth of its GDP.

  45. Disha Singh

    Very well articulated and thoroughly researched 💛

  46. Gautam Verma

    India can become the manufacturing hub of covid vaccine.

  47. Nishita Rana

    Vaccine Maitri Program proves to be of great help💕

  48. Gautam Verma

    Vaccine Diplomacy is a great tatics to strengthen the relations with other countries as well as provide them aid.

  49. Sameer Rajput

    I found this post to be very knowledgeable!

  50. Dinkal kumar

    Well said ,India is facing through tough times but this will end soon ,and then we all are happily to meet with eachother without any burden.

  51. Dinkal

    Informative content, and if Covaxin have no side effects then government should increase his supply for citizens because there is shortage of Covaxin in india .

  52. Dinkal kumar

    Covishield Vaccine is also helpful for our country to make better relations with other countries.

  53. Dinkal kumar

    Hope we all vaccinated soon and win this fight together because due to corona lots of people dying in India.

  54. Dinkal

    Everyone one after reading this will take steps for vaccinating themselves

  55. Dinkal kumar

    Good work unnati group for awaring other people’s about vaccine Diplomacy.

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