The deluded patriarchy and the inherent misogyny of India

The deluded patriarchy and the inherent misogyny of India

Gender inequality has been prevalent ever since the rigid social system has been defined. Gender inequality is a social construct, much like the cursory gender, where men and women are treated differently solely because they align with different sexes. Gender inequality is discrimination against not only perceived gender but also against people who do not identify themselves with gender roles of male or female. India’s ranking remains low in gender equality measures by the World Economic Forum with poor scores on overall female to male literacy and health rankings. India in 2013 ranked 101 out of 136 countries with an overall score of 0.6551 (no gender gap would yield a score of 1.0). Gender inequalities impact India’s sex ratio, women’s health over their lifetimes, their educational attainment, and economic conditions. It is a multifaceted issue that should concern men and women alike.

Misogyny comes from the Greek word “misogunia”, which is contempt, prejudice, or hatred for women and girls. It enforces sexism by punishing those who reject substandard status for women and rewarding those who accept it. Misogyny manifests in numerous ways including (but not limited to) social exclusion, hostility, androcentric, patriarchy, male privilege, sexual discrimination, belittling of women, disenfranchisement of women, violence against women, and sexual objectification. Misogyny has been prevalent in almost all the cultures of the world, throughout western and eastern civilizations and their history, and can be also found in works of thinkers like Aristotle. It was noted as a disease in Classical Greece.

In patriarchy, men hold primary power and predominate in roles of political leadership, moral authority, social privilege, and control of the property. Patriarchy is associated with a set of ideologies that acts to explain and validate this ascendency and ascribes it to inherent differences between males and females. Historically, patriarchy has manifested itself into economical, religious, political, social, and legal aspects of different cultures. Even if not explicitly defined to be by their constitutions and laws, most contemporary societies are, in practice, patriarchal.

In the twentieth century, second-wave feminist theorists maintained that misogyny is both cause and result of patriarchal social structures. Economist Deniz Kandiyoti argued about the “patriarchal bargain” where the colonizers conquered armies of men under control by offering them complete power over women. The Men who were interested in accepting the bargain were promoted to leadership by colonial powers, causing the colonized societies to become more misogynistic.

Women in India are treated as the property of men. This is not merely reflected in our culture, but also enshrined in our laws. Just a few weeks back the Supreme Court of India’s verdict about two very brutal cases of violence against women posed a grave question about the deep misogyny is rooted in India and how it often protects the perpetrator rather than the victim. The Supreme Court’s latest query to a Maharashtra government employee asking whether he would marry a girl he was accused of raping repeatedly while she was a minor is insensitive to the core. By offering marriage as a solution to a rape victim, the judiciary failed to protect the rights of a girl. Instead of dealing out harsh punishment, the Court asked the lawyer representing the accused to find out whether his client would be willing to marry the victim or risk going to jail. In another case where the victim was promised marriage but instead was “brutally and sexually abused”, the Chief Justice of India asked the girl’s lawyer: “When two people are living as husband and wife, however brutal the husband is, can you call sexual intercourse between them ‘rape’”? The case of Ayesha Makrani from Ahmedabad who was forced to take her own life because her in-laws tortured and physically harassed her for “not bringing enough dowry”, is just another example of how India as a country in all its rich tradition and values has failed numerous women. With just two months past 2021, many such similar headlines have proved that India is still not a country for women.

For a country that glorifies making religion a person’s identity, it should come as no surprise that many justify the injustices faced by women as tradition and shame people who go stand against it. From working women who are also expected to be a “homemaker” to stay-at-home dads, to how a daughter-in-law is seen as a servant and subservient to her husband, sexism is ubiquitous in all aspects of Indian society. Marriage another hyped-up subject in Indian society also comes with immense baggage. Marriage should be a union of two souls who respect, trust and understand each other (regardless of gender, if I may say so), but as it seems consent seems to be a trifling factor in many Indian marriages especially those which are taking part in rural India. Marital rape isn’t yet considered a crime in its entirely and domestic violence and brutality become a part of the norm for many Indian wives. According to the National Crime Records Bureau’s (NCRB) around 70% of women in India are victims of domestic violence. We don’t even have an accurate estimate for those who are the victims of marital rape yet and prominent figures in our justice system do not seem to think that it is a problem.

These are various instances even in the mundane of tasks that portray India’s superficiality and hypocrisy. Whether it is the norm that women, and only the women, has to wear symbols of marriage or social pressure where women have to stay in an abusive marriage and “try to make it work” to save face or the fact that women are expected to give up on their career for the sake of their children or else be judged for not wanting to have children, women face sexual discrimination and sometimes even harassment in her house, her workplace and even in the places she might choose to visit. For a country to like to proclaim how every girl is a goddess in her own right, we sure do like to recognize a women’s identity in life as someone’s mother or wife (so much for being her own Laxmi, right?). Even the topic of whether women were entitled to inherit property or an heirloom was debatable till 2005. But the prejudices don’t end with gender but it adds a spoonful of religious discrimination with only Hindu and Christian daughters entitled to inherit an equal share as a son by law. Muslim woman’s right to property asserts that a daughter can receive only half of the share of a son. Even economically the gender gap in India is huge.   According to the Gender Gap Index in 2020, India has slipped to the 112th position from the previous 108th in 2018. According to the report, it will take India close to 100 years to bridge the gap in areas of politics, economy, health, and education. It ranks 149th in economic participation and opportunity, and 117th in wage equality for similar work.

It is high time now that we, as a conscious nation, start to speak up about these deluded concepts of what is considered “correct”. A change starts with you, it starts with me and it starts with all of us, so let us get our voices to scream, to shout not for them to remain a tiny sound. Let us then stand and speak for those of us who cannot and start leading this nation on a better path.

Written by: Aparna Singh

This Post Has 81 Comments

  1. frolep rotrem

    You can certainly see your expertise in the paintings you write. The arena hopes for even more passionate writers like you who aren’t afraid to mention how they believe. At all times go after your heart. “In America, through pressure of conformity, there is freedom of choice, but nothing to choose from.” by Peter Ustinov.

  2. Riteratase

    слышь, доля воровская 2020 muzmo [url=https://muzloman.me/music/%D1%85%D0%B8%D1%82%D1%8B%2080%2090%20%D1%80%D1%83%D1%81%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B5]слушать песни 80-90 русские[/url]

  3. Ishika Chaudhary

    Patriarchy is deeply embedded in our society. Change in mindset is the need of the hour!
    Kudos to the author who wrote on such an important topic!

  4. zortilonrel

    I reckon something really special in this website .

  5. stornobrzinol

    certainly like your web-site but you have to test the spelling on quite a few of your posts. Several of them are rife with spelling problems and I find it very bothersome to inform the reality however I will definitely come again again.

  6. FrankUtige

    ivermectin 2mg: ivermectin – ivermectin 2mg

  7. Robbiewebra

    buy cialis insurancecialis online without prescription – can i buy cialis online cialis tadalafil portugal

  8. Jefferylon

    xbox игры купить Прокопьевск https://rent4.today
    xbox игры купить Майкоп

  9. Gomeldiodo

    Топовая плитка
    [url=https://www.realgres.ru/manufacturer/equipe_260.html]плитка equipe[/url]

  10. Robertlef

    buy cialis tadalafil0 with pay pal: safe buy cialis buy cialis philippines

  11. Amazing! Its actually amazing piece of writing, I have got
    much clear idea about from this paragraph.

  12. İnstagram’da Keşfete Düşmek İçin Takipçi Yada Beğeni Satın Al

    İnstagram hesabınızın daha fazla kullanıcı tarafından keşfedilmesini ve takipçi sayınızın daha hızlı artmasını ister misiniz?

    Bunun için size önerimiz kesinlikleinstagram takipçi SATIN AL hizmetinden faydalanmanız olacaktır.

    1000 instagram takipçi satın al, türk beğeni satın al gibi paketleri
    ile başlayan beğeni hizmetleri birbirinde faydalı içeriklere sahiptir.

    Beğeni hizmetleri kullanıcı kalitesine ya da beğeni gönderim şekline göre birbirinden ayrışmaktadır.

  13. It is not my first time to pay a quick visit this site,
    i am visiting this web site dailly and get nice information from here
    every day.

  14. Kişiler genelde ücretsiz şekilde takipçi kasmaya
    çalışıyorlar, yada beğeni, Siz hangisini isterseniz ikisinide bu sitede bulunuyor!

    Hemen takipçi yada beğeni hilesi yaparak profilinizi zenginleştir.

    arkadaşların arasında farkını hissettir.

    https://rebrand.ly/takipci-hilesi-

  15. JimmyLob

    where can i buy amoxocillin generic amoxil – amoxicillin discount

  16. Gomeldiodo

    Топовая плитка
    [url=https://www.realgres.ru/manufacturer/ariostea_336.html]плитка ariostea[/url]

  17. What a stuff of un-ambiguity and preserveness of valuable knowledge on the
    topic of unexpected feelings.

  18. Thanks for another informative blog. Where else could I get that kind of information written in such
    an ideal manner? I have a mission that I am just now operating on, and I have been on the glance out
    for such information.

  19. En iyi leke kremi markası

    Türkiyenin lider kozmetik firması olan hccare sizlere en iyi ödüllü leke
    kremi markasını sunuyor,
    Cilt lekelerine karşı kesin çözüm olan bu en iyi leke kremini kullanmadan karar
    vermemenizi tavsiye ediyoruz.

    En iyi Leke Kremi

  20. Leke KREMi

    Leke Kremi Satışında Lider Firma hc.com.tr

    Cilt lekeleri, cilt tonu farklılıkları leke kremi gibi
    cildinizde oluşan herhangi bir leke için
    Hccare leke kremini deneyebilirsiniz iddalı bir marka olan bu firmanın tüm ürünleri güvenilir olduğu gibi leke kremi de güvenlidir.

    Leke kremi ; https://m2.tc/OZjV

  21. Rickldiodo

    Топовая плитка
    [url=https://www.realgres.ru/manufacturer/newker_196.html]плитка newker[/url]

  22. Takipçi Satın Alırken Nelere Dikkat Dikkat edilir

    Takipçi satın almak isteyen kişilerin ilk dikkat edeceği şey sitenin güvenli olmasıdır.
    Bunu anlamanın en kolay yolu da sitenin sizden ne istediğidir.

    Şifrenizi isteyen sitelerin güvenilir olmayacağı şeklinde sizden izinler
    isteyen siteler de güvenli değildir. Bu siteler giriş yapmanızı değil yalnızca sizden profil linkinizi yada kullanıcı adınızı ister.

    Buradan güvenilir olup olmadığını anlayabilirsiniz.

    ek olarak size gönderecekleri takipçiler sizin istediğiniz miktarda ve özellikte olmalıdır.
    Bazı siteler, naturel takipçi olarak satın almış olduğunız takipçileri bot olarak gönderebiliyor.

    Bunun önüne geçebilmek için de herkes tarafınca kullanılan güvenli siteleri tercih etmek gerekiyor.

    Gerçek kaliteli takipçiler satın al Gerçek kaliteli takipçiler satın al

    .

  23. Hi! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any problems with hackers?
    My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I
    ended up losing many months of hard work due to no data backup.
    Do you have any methods to prevent hackers?

  24. Instagram da bedava takipçi kasma işlemi için hemen takipcibegenihilesi
    sitemize gelerek ücretisiz bedavaya takipçi kasabilirsin
    Boşuna para ödeme yerine sadece beğeni veya
    takipçi kasabilirsin.
    Site linktedir.

    instagram takipçi hilesi

    instagram takipçi hilesi

  25. An intriguing discussion is worth comment. There’s no doubt that
    that you ought to write more about this issue, it may
    not be a taboo matter but usually folks don’t speak about
    these issues. To the next! Many thanks!!

  26. Leke Kremi

    You actually make it seem so easy together
    with your presentation but I find this topic to be actually something which I believe I
    would by no means understand. It kind of feels too complicated
    and very vast for me. I am taking a look ahead in your next
    submit, I’ll try to get the dangle of it!

  27. Just desire to say your article is as surprising.
    The clarity in your post is just great and i could assume you are an expert on this subject.
    Well with your permission allow me to grab your RSS feed to keep updated with forthcoming post.
    Thanks a million and please continue the rewarding work.

  28. Woah! I’m really digging the template/theme of this site.
    It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s tough to get that
    “perfect balance” between superb usability and visual appeal.
    I must say you have done a amazing job with this.
    In addition, the blog loads extremely quick for me on Safari.
    Exceptional Blog!

  29. Retinol Serum

    Retinol SERUM

    HC Retinol Serum: Bir A vitamini formu olan Retinol, ince çizgilerin ve yaşlanma belirtilerinin görünümünü azalttığı klinik olarak kanıtlanmış güçlü
    bir aktiftir.

    Retinol aynı zamanda leke oluşumuna ve ciltteki ton eşitsizliklerine karşı
    mücadele eder. Canlı, taze ve daha genç bir cilt
    görünümü kazandırmaya yardımcı olur.

    HC Retinol Serum’un, en ileri düzeyde konsantre edilmiş saf Hyaluronik Asit, Pentavitin (Saccharide Isomerate),
    Anadenanthera Colubrina Bark
    Extract ve Bisabolol ile güçlendirilmiş aktif
    içeriği, güçlü nemlendirici ve canlandırıcı
    özelliği sayesinde cildi sıkılaştırmaya yardımcı
    olur.

    HC Retinol Serum akneli ve yağlı ciltlerde, lekelerde ve ciltte oluşan A Vitamini eksikliğinde kullanılır.

    Bu tür ciltlerde daha iyi bir etki alınabilmesi için HC Çay
    Ağacı (Tea Tree) Temizleme
    Jeli ile birlikte kullanılması tavsiye edilir.

    https://rebrand.ly/retinolserum

  30. Irvinthawn

    Добрый день, коллега!

    Хотите узнать Всех контрагентов Ваших конкурентов?!
    Мы вам в этом поможем. Напишите нам по контактам ниже и получите информацию о том Кто, Что, Когда и по какой Цене покупал или продавал конкурирующей компании.
    Тем самым вы открываете для себя уникальную возможность сделать более выгодное предложение своим будущим контрагентам или получить лучшего Поставщика.

    Наглядный пример отправим по запросу.

    На эту почту отвечать не нужно.
    Пишите по контактам ниже:

    Email: [email protected]
    Telegram: @Consalting24

    P.S.: Увеличьте свои продажи за счёт информации о контрагентах ваших конкурентов!

  31. Leke Kremi

    Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though
    you relied on the video to make your point. You obviously know what youre talking
    about, why throw away your intelligence on just posting videos to your site when you could be giving us something informative to
    read?

  32. Donaldbow

    best over the counter viagra cost of viagra buy generic 100mg viagra online

  33. Shell download

    First off I would like to say superb blog! I had a quick question in which
    I’d like to ask if you do not mind. I was interested to know how you center
    yourself and clear your head prior to writing. I’ve had a hard time clearing
    my thoughts in getting my ideas out. I truly do enjoy writing however it just seems like the first 10 to 15 minutes tend to be
    lost just trying to figure out how to begin. Any ideas or tips?
    Cheers!

  34. Hello I am so glad I found your web site, I really found you by error, while I was researching
    on Google for something else, Anyways I am here now and would just like to say thanks a lot for a fantastic
    post and a all round exciting blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to browse it all at the minute but I have saved it and also added in your RSS feeds, so when I have time
    I will be back to read more, Please do keep up the superb jo.

  35. My spouse and I stumbled over here different web
    address and thought I should check things out. I like what I see so
    now i’m following you. Look forward to looking at your
    web page repeatedly.

  36. Rickldiodo

    Топовая плитка
    [url=https://www.realgres.ru/manufacturer/sds_332.html]плитка sds[/url]

  37. Carl

    You could definitely see your skills in the article you write.
    The world hopes for more passionate writers like you who aren’t afraid to say how they believe.

    All the time follow your heart.

  38. www.ilevis.cn

    Great web site you have here.. It’s hard to find high quality writing
    like yours these days. I really appreciate individuals like you!
    Take care!!

    my webpage; Super Shot Keto Pills – http://www.ilevis.cn,

Leave a Reply