Shades of Indian Polity

India has come a long way since Independence. From haunting memories of partition to becoming one of leading democracies in the world, our country has continued the dream of the founding fathers. India as a country is a land of diversity. Whether it be cultural or religious, the multifariousness is unmatched. And in a country with seventy plus years of independence it has a legacy of events which have in a way impacted the political nature of India. India’s political nature or rather working framework of the nation belongs to the Constitution. And where the constitution derives its authority from the people, there are ought to be incidents influencing the polity. 

The timeline from partition in 1947 to COVID 19 pandemic and Bengal elections in 2021, we have witnessed numerous shades India offered over the years. First Kashmir war in 1947 concluded with Maharaja Hari Singh signing the instrument of accession. When Kashmir is the apple of everyone’s eyes, Article 370 conferred special rights to it in 1954 on a temporary basis. And with the Modi government scrapping the special provisions in 2019 called for an outrage from J&K politicians. Thus, making the nation greater and united. Though the Exodus of Kashmiri Pandits continues to make our hearts bleed.

1951 achieved Railway Network Nationalisation in India, advancing its position globally. Indo Sino war in 1962 bittered relationship between countries which resumes till date in form of verbal agreement on border affairs. With the proclamation of Emergency in 1975 by Indira Gandhi, the country entered a new phase of politics. The fright principle of losing power seems to have resulted in such a dire circumstance.  

Morarji Desai coming into power as the first non Congress PM. Alterations took place in the constitution forbidding leaders of the future from misusing the Emergency provisions. Mandal Commission set up by Desai in 1979. On 7 August 1990, Vishwanath Pratap Singh, the prime minister at the time, announced that Other Backward Classes (OBCs) would get 27 per cent reservation in jobs in central government services and public sector units. The announcement was made before both Houses of Parliament.

The decision was based on a report submitted on 31 December 1980 that recommended reservations for OBCs not just in government jobs but also central education institutions.

Babri Masjid demolition (1992) verdict was passed after 28 years in 2019 attributed to the offenders court trial. The Right to Information Act,2005 was a road to successful democracy implementation by the Parliament. This act infuses the ethos of freedom of speech.

Demonetisation of five hundred and thousand indian currency notes in 2016 came as a blow to corruption. Though discussions in parliament and economic reports suggest the failure of the movement. Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s idea of the year 2000,”One Nation, One Tax” was brought into force by the NDA Government in 2017. This bill came as relief to citizens being charged a variety of taxes replacing it with a singular procedure. 

Our founding fathers envisioned a nation where all the country’s people would help in the progression of the nation. And inclusion of women in all spheres of the government became vital. Within a country like ours women take the backseat in marriage but with Supreme Court striking down Triple Talaq was blessed as a boon to women of Muslim community. They too now own the right to have a say in dissolving marriage.

Like a new wave decriminalizing of homosexuality in 2018 gushed through the country. History owes an apology to its citizens for delaying their rights. A decision like such shook tremors in parliament citing disrespect to our culture. But when people of this country and world can choose to be what they want, why cannot our government support them. The decision shattered stereotypes promising them equal rights as any other citizen of this country.

Taking the recent years into account, India stands proud as a space power. And with surgical strike, the spirit of intolerance to terror was significant. Voices were raged against Citizenship (Amendment) Bill. Protests and violence deprived innocent souls of their lives. A democratic nation promises it’s citizens the right to protest but the fact that the art of protesting is still a way both our government and citizens need to take in. The art of discussion is lost in the long run of seventy years.

Love in India has assumed a controversial standard accounting to its diversification. “Love Jihad” is an example of a hanging status. Where the love of a mother nurtures her baby for nine months in her womb, farmer’s children are away from their family for the past nine months. The pandemic on its peak has failed to deter the farmers from their resolution. The colour of unity and belief for a better future is prominently evident. When COVID 19 continues to take away our loved ones, the country accomplished Bengal elections. However, BJP could not bring in the 2014 majority magic. 

India is a land of miracles. In a nation where science and technology are in equal footing with belief in God, nothing comes as a surprise. When we wake up to read the newspaper in the morning with a cup of tea, sunlight penetrating as a ray of hope we might discover the end of the pandemic in this magical land.

WRITTEN BY : Eshita Dey

This Post Has 28 Comments

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