LGBTQ RIGHTS AND PROBLEMS

The LGBTQIA++ community movements advocate for the rights of the LGBTQ people in the community. Social movements may concentrate on equal rights, while others may focus on self-help and self-acceptance. An expressed goal among these movements is social equality for LGBTQ people, but there is a still denial of full LGBTQ rights. Some have also focused on building LGBT communities or striving towards liberation from bi-phobia, homophobia, and transphobia. LGBTQ movements organized today comprise a broad range of political advocacy and cultural activity, including lobbying, street marches, civil meets, media, art, and research.

 The rights of the LGBTQ community in India have grown in recent years. However, Indian LGBT citizens face various social and legal difficulties not encountered by non-LGBT individuals. The LGBTQ community in India won a hard-fought battle against segregation with the elimination of Section 377 of the Indian penal code. The government now constitutionally recognized transgender people who have a legal right to register themselves under a third gender under the legislation passed in 2019. Despite recent political developments in favor of LGBT rights, there continues a considerable amount of homophobia present among the Indian population, with around half of Indians objecting to same-sex relationships according to a 2019 opinion survey. Even though the LGBTQ community has had more acceptance than in the last decades, especially in larger cities, most LGBTQ people in India remain closeted, fearing discrimination from their families who might see homosexuality as outrageous.

The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act, 2019, is an act of the Parliament of India to protect the rights of transgender people, their interests, and other related matters. Following protests by the queer community against the 2016 and 2018 bills, the 2019 act has repealed with few of the sharply criticized provisions of the 2018 bill but it did not incorporate other principles like the right of transgender people to declare their self-perceived gender identity without undergoing sex reassignment surgery, and reservations in jobs and educational institutions. The act has also been criticized for imposing less punishment for crimes against transgender people compared with punishment for crimes against cisgender people. The conversion therapies, the pseudoscientific practice of trying to change an individual’s sexual orientation, in India has been condoned by the activists and Indian Psychiatric Society which declared, “Based on existing scientific evidence and good practice guidelines from the field of psychiatry, the Indian Psychiatric Society would like to state that there is no evidence to substantiate the belief that homosexuality is a mental illness or a disease.” These methods often include electroconvulsive therapy (which may lead to memory loss), hypnosis, the administration of nausea-inducing drugs, or more commonly talk therapy where the individual is told that homosexuality is caused by “insufficient male affirmation in childhood” or “an uncaring father and an overbearing mother”. Conversion therapy can lead to depression, anxiety, seizures, drug use, and suicidal tendencies for the individuals involved.

With the stigmas attached to having a sexual orientation that is other than heterosexual, many prefer not to share their sexual identity in our culture. Along with fear for personal safety and discrimination in housing and employment, the fact that in some states community explicitly discriminates against them keeps individuals in hiding. There have been many reports of abuse, harassment, and violence over the years directed against LGBTQ people, like, in 2011, the nephews murdered a Haryana lesbian couple for being in an “immoral” relationship. According to records from activist group Kavi’s Humsafar Trust, two-fifths of homosexuals in the country had faced blackmails, while many contemplate suicide as their sole option left. In early 2018, a lesbian couple committed suicide and left a note reading: “We have left this world to live with each other. The world did not allow us to stay together.” According to a 2018 survey, a third of Indian gay men were married to women who were oblivious that they are closeted gay. Even the public opinion, in the 21st century, regarding LGBT rights in India is complex. According to a 2016 poll by the International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association, 35% of Indian people were in support of legalizing same-sex marriage, with a further 35% opposed. A survey by the Varkey Foundation discovered that support for same-sex marriage was stronger among 18-21-year-olds at 53%.

While the growing number of LGBTQ+ Pride related events in the past couple of years is no doubt remarkable, the unfortunate fact remains that they are restricted only to urban spaces. LGBTQ identifying individuals living in small towns and villages still experience social ostracization and discrimination should they identify as queer. To grow tolerant social attitudes towards the LGBTQ+ community may be achieved if we take greater initiatives to educate the masses on gender, sex, and sexuality-related issues, discussions of which are still deemed taboo in many parts of the country. It is pertinent that words like ‘gay’, ‘bisexual’ and ‘lesbian’, for instance, find a space in the local vocabulary of those who speak different Indian languages. In an age where issues of human rights are gaining global recognition, where countries world over are recognizing the LGBTQ+ community as a legitimate community wanting civil justice and freedoms, and where the vocabulary surrounding sex, love, sexuality, and gender is constantly being reinvented, it is important to situate oneself in this struggle for equal opportunity with renewed hopes and aspirations for a better tomorrow.

This Post Has 47 Comments

  1. Prachi jain

    It is important to situate oneself in this struggle for equal opportunity with renewed hopes and aspirations for a better tomorrow.

  2. Preeti verma

    The LGBTQIA++ community movements advocate for the rights of the LGBTQ people in the community.

  3. Abhishek chugh

    Yes the rights of LGBTQ community in India has grown in recent year

  4. Ashutosh

    Such amazing content I liked it very much

  5. Anjali Sharma

    The awareness of LGBTQ has increased in recent years in India

  6. Ritu kumari

    This is very good content 🔥🔥🔥🔥

  7. Satish Kumar

    That’s so good article 👍👍👍👍

  8. Rahul gupta

    The awareness of LGBTQ has increased in recent years in India

  9. Bhavna

    Yes the rights of LGBTQ community in India has grown in recent year

  10. Kavya sharma

    LGBTQ identifying individuals living in small towns and villages still experience social ostracization and discrimination should they identify as queer

    1. Manshi Sinha

      Knowledgeable thanks

  11. Naira verma

    To grow tolerant social attitudes towards the LGBTQ+ community may be achieved if we take greater initiatives to educate the masses on gender, sex, and sexuality-related issues, discussions of which are still deemed taboo in many parts of the country

  12. Yash Gupta

    Great content, and the graphics are also awesome

  13. Y gupta

    We should take care of everyone’s right

  14. Anjali Gupta

    The awareness of LGBTQ has increased in recent years in India

    1. Mansha Dhikkar

      Great content, thanks for sharing!

  15. Sonia gupta

    The awareness of LGBTQ has increased in recent years in India

  16. Aarushi

    Very well expressed and there is need to generate awareness so that everyone treats them equal

  17. Harsh

    Yes. LGBTQ also deserve equal opportunities.

  18. Saumya

    Very well researched and nicely explained

  19. Pratham

    Very important topic and everyone should support equality

  20. Sumanyu

    Very well researched and nicely structured

  21. Reena

    Well expressed and really encouraging

  22. Tanisha

    Very well express information about the lgbtq community it is very true that despite of the recent laws and change in the article community still faces discrimination and harrassment in many corners of the country

  23. Tanisha

    the community still faces harrassment and discrimination by many people still we need to be aware and changed in our minds to have acceptance and celebrate the pride month in a real manner

  24. Tanisha

    Very well expressed information about the lgbtq++. Pride month is becoming a Revolution but still it is only under urban space and not covering the rural part of India

  25. Tanisha

    If we talk about our own country still this type of relationship is a highly unacceptable and the people have to face dire consequences and even have to live a solitary life

  26. Tanisha

    Despite of the fact that rights are been granted to these peoples in education and job sector but the problem persists and we need to work upon that

  27. Tanisha

    This type of relationship is not a mental illness it’s about accepting love and the Seven colours

  28. Adarsh mishra

    Good

  29. Mahendra Kumar Thakur

    That’s so informative 👌👌👌👌

  30. Devendra Kumar Thakur

    That’s so grateful article ✌️✌️✌️✌️

  31. Rajnish Kumar

    Very grateful post👍👍👍👍

  32. Sheetal

    This artivle is really informative, thankyou for sharing

  33. Dakshita

    very knowledgeable article 👏

  34. Yuvika

    this article is really informative

  35. gauri

    very Informative article shared by Unnati

  36. Vanshika Yadav

    this article is very knowledgeable and helpful

  37. Dishita Puri

    The article is exactly exhibiting the knowledge we need.

  38. Nishita Rana

    No matter how time is changing and we are fighting for the equality. It’s very important to acknowledge the hardships LGBTQ+ community faces on a daily basis.

  39. Nikita

    Many people are afraid to come out because of the stigma present and fear of not being accepted.

  40. Mehak Sharma

    We should really try our best to show our support and establish a safe and welcoming place for LGBTQ+ community.

  41. Sameer Rajput

    We still have a long way to accept different sexual orientations in every sections of society🏳️‍🌈

  42. Disha Singh

    I still don’t understand why is it so hard for people to accept that each and every has a right to live how they want, be who they want.

  43. Gautam Verma

    It’s so important to educate more people about this and spread love and support as much as we can💖

  44. Candida

    I’m not that much of a internet reader to be honest but your blogs really nice, keep it up!
    I’ll go ahead and bookmark your website to come back in the future.
    All the best

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