Abraham Accord: A two-state solution

Abraham Accord is also known as the Abraham Accords Peace Agreement. It is Trump-facilitated agreement between Israel and two Gulf countries from the Middle East, namely, Bahrain and United Arab Emirates (UAE). Abraham Accord is said to be the real game changer because it points to the fact that “peace” in the Middle East, that was the centre of the Abrahamic faiths, is no achievable. An interesting element of the deal is that the mediator between the countries is none other than United States; the Accord was signed on Tuesday, 15th September 2020, at the White House. The Accord signals a strategic shift in the Middle East politics. It is the first Arab-Israeli peace deal in 26 years. It is not a peace treaty because Israel has not been at war with either of the two Gulf Arab states. In fact, for years now, it has quietly been conducting trade and backroom diplomacy with both. However, “normalized relations” which the accord establishes, mark a huge step forward to the creation of embassies, commercial air routes, tourism, security and intelligence ties, and access to Israel’s high-technology products and marketplace. There were the only two peace deals between Israel and the Arab States in more than a quarter of a century; Egypt was the first Arab State to sign a peace deal with Israel in 1979. Later, Jordan signed a peace pact in 1994.

The Abraham Accord was signed between Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, Foreign Minister of the United Arab Emirates Abdullah bin Zayed and Bahrain’s Foreign Minister Abdullatif Al Zayani. The Arab Accord despite being an essentially bilateral agreements with Israel does not mention the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Prime Minister Netanyahu described the accord as a “pivot of history”, foreshadowing a new dawn. “For thousands of years the Jewish people have prayed for peace. For decades, the Jewish state has prayed for peace and this is why today we are filled with such profound gratitude,” he said.

The three countries “recognize the importance of maintaining and strengthening peace in the Middle East and around the world based on mutual understanding and coexistence, as well as respect for human dignity and freedom, including religious freedom”, states the Abraham Accords Declaration. In the meantime, since Unites States is the mediator the US President Donald Trump thanks the great courage of the leaders of these three countries, and that they are taking a “major stride toward a future” where people of all faiths and backgrounds, including religion, live together in “peace and prosperity. The ongoing efforts, of consolidation and expanding such friendly relations based on “shared interests and a shared commitment” to a better future, are encouraging for the Middle East.

The signing of the Accord also signals that the status quo the existing state of affairs, particularly in regard to the social & political issues – is no longer an option, and that they must find pursue bolder initiatives for the restoration of peace and security to the region. The centre of the Abrahamic religion – Muslims, Jews, and Christians – has suffering from within and is “bleeding like a wounded heart”. Jews, Muslims and Christians across the world are now being challenged by this accord to be agents for peace. The old “misgivings and mistrusts” between the Abrahamic religions must become things of the past.

“The Abraham Accords also open the door for Muslims around the world to visit the historic sites in Israel and to peacefully pray at Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem, the third holiest site in Islam,” said American President Trump. He added “together these agreements will serve as the foundation for comprehensive peace across the entire region.”

The Accord had its own significances. The agreement shows how the Arab countries are slowly dissociating themselves from the Palestine question. Palestine was among former Ottoman territories placed under UK administration by the League of Nations in 1922. All of these territories eventually became fully independent States, except Palestine; which is why Palestine finds this agreement as an instrument to pave for them to become a nation. Complete diplomatic ties will be established between Israel, the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain which will have an optimistic influence on the entire region. The deal buys UAE a lot of friendliness in the US, where its image has been stained by its preoccupation in the Yemen war. In South Asia, it will put Pakistan in a predicament, whether to follow UAE’s steps which will be seen as giving up Islamic cause of Palestine, or not to follow the UAE since Pakistan is already in feud with the Saudis over not taking up the Kashmir case, it cannot afford another hostile Islamic Country. In the forthcoming presidential election in the United States, the accord may perhaps help surge support among pro-Israel Christian fervent voters, an important part of recent President’s political base. It is said that other gulf states in the region like Oman could follow suit and sign similar agreements with Israel. One of the biggest Gulf Arab powers, Saudi Arabia could follow suit as well.

There are certain areas of concerns in the Accord, 2 major concerns are – the Palestinian issue and the Shia-Sunni conflict between Saudi and Iran. The Palestinians have not embraced the USA’s vision. Majority of the Palestinians believe the normalization agreement with the UAE serves only Israel’s interests and not their own. There is a possibility that the Palestine quest may be further ignored. There are chances that the Shia-Sunni rifts in the region may get extensive and ferocious. Saudi Arabia (Sunni) and Iran (representing Shia) have had a long history of animosity. For decades, one of the main sources of uncertainty in West Asia has been the cold war between Saudi Arabia and Iran. The Sunni-Shia split may also provoke violence between Muslims in places such as Pakistan, Nigeria and Indonesia.

The good old years of petroleum-based wealth are definitely over for the Gulf countries. With the sweeping fall in the oil prises and the devastating effect of the COVID-19 pandemic has had on Middle Eastern economies, change was inevitable. The new Palestinian advantage here is that this Accord has not only put a halt to the Israelis’ planned invasion of disputed territories but it is dependent upon Israel to forge a fair and reasonable resolution to ends its conflict with the Palestinians. In the meantime, Mahmoud Abbas, the Palestinian President, issued instructions to the Palestinians “not to make any statement or take any action that may jeopardize the accord” knowing well that any kind of uprising against this agreement will end all hopes of Palestine ever becoming a nation. There is an Iranian hurdle in the way, Iran is one of the major powers in the Middle East, and it has stated that it is firmly against the accord. Iran’s rhetoric on the Sunni-Shia divide is purely politically driven. It knows well that if gains control over the guardianship of the Islamic holy city of Mecca, it cannot only legitimize its supremacy over Muslims in the region, but also across the world. It is power, and not the spirituality of Islam that the current Iranian government aspire.

The Russian case is different, as long as the Russians can be assured that the new Middle East will not jeopardise their security, there is no real reason for them to be against the accord. And with China’s Belt and Road Initiative modelled after the ancient Silk Road that connected the East to the West, there is no real incentive for China to be working against the restoration of peace and prosperity in the region. This means that the Accord has support from Palestine, Russia and China. Both Egypt and Jordan have already established diplomatic ties with Israel. With the US, the UAE and Israel now firmly behind the accord, while Saudi Arabia has agreed to open up its airspace to Israeli flights and Bahrain joining it, the Abraham accords have the potential to become a decisive game changer for the Middle East. With more Arab nations expected to join the accord while international support for it is likely to increase over time, the road to peace for a new Middle East is finally a work on progress.

The Ministry of External Affairs in a press briefing on 18th September, welcomed US-brokered agreements between UAE, Bahrain and Israel signed in Washington for the “normalization” of sides while saying that India continues its traditional support to Palestinian cause. Welcoming the Abraham Accord, India said that it always supported peace and stability in West Asia. Meanwhile, the MEA extended its support to Palestine and said that it hoped for an early resumption of direct negotiations for an acceptable two-state solution. MEA also advises China to work for disengagement at Line of Actual Control (LAC).

With differences aside, here comes a big question mark “?”, what does India get from all this? India gets an amazing opportunity to build up 2 things: Defence and Security, & Economy and Market; India should use this unexpected opportunity to give itself a bigger role in a region. The first step should be to upgrade its defence and security relations with UAE since Israel is already a very close defence partner. And another advantage that India has is the economy and market being open up, India should grab this opportunity to stimulate its economy for a bigger opening in this region. Prominently, India can use its good offices to ensure that any future deal on a regional security framework gives acceptable space to Iran, which may be frail at the moment but not so weak that it cannot be a hugely troublesome power if it chooses so.

Way forward it is notable that a balance between Shia and Sunni, between Iran and Arab, is key to any sustainable peace. Also, the US may be a pre-eminent power in the Middle East, but Russia has made a space for itself, spending a lot less money. In recent years, China has indicated its willingness to play a larger role in this region, and is close to both UAE and Israel and, increasingly, Saudi Arabia. Now its high-time that India should make its moves before this market and this extended neighbourhood come under the Chinese sphere of influence. If played right, this deal could open the doors for a changed geopolitical arrangement in the Middle East which means that this region would have a stronger Indian footprint.

I would conclude this with a quote from Slate’s ‘War Stories’. There are misunderstandings, conflicts, wars and disagreements but “One thing is for sure: We have not yet reached the day when lambs lie down with lions. The ‘Accord’ may mark the dawn of something, but it’s still the Middle East.”

By Ifra Burhan

Kirori Mal College, University of Delhi

This Post Has 184 Comments

  1. Harshita

    Well written

  2. Umra Khan

    Very well written and informative 👍👍

  3. Jagriti

    Great work! Very finely explained.

  4. Devika Thapar

    So knowlegeable content . Great research done .

  5. Ifra Burhan

    Not sure how this accord will contribute to West-Asia, whereas it is a win-win situation for India.

  6. Shahabuddin

    Peace in the middle east is also very imperative for India. India has direct deals with those gulf countries. As soon as peace prevails ,the whole world will take breath of relaxation.

  7. Shahabuddin

    Peace in the middle east countries is also very imperative for India. As India imports oil from these countries. As soon as peace prevails in these countries ,world would take breath of relaxation.

  8. Simerleen Kaur

    Really informative.

  9. fb88

    I loved your article post.Really looking forward to read more. Great.

  10. I love your blog.. very nice colors & theme. Did you make this website yourself or did you hire someone to do it for you?
    Plz reply as I’m looking to create my own blog and would like to know where u got this from.
    thank you 0mniartist asmr

  11. Howdy just wanted to give you a quick heads up.
    The text in your article seem to be running off the screen in Chrome.

    I’m not sure if this is a formatting issue or something to do with
    browser compatibility but I thought I’d post to let
    you know. The style and design look great though!
    Hope you get the issue resolved soon. Cheers 0mniartist asmr

  12. 0mniartist

    Hello there! Quick question that’s completely off topic.
    Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly?
    My blog looks weird when viewing from my iphone. I’m trying to
    find a template or plugin that might be able to resolve this issue.
    If you have any suggestions, please share. Cheers! 0mniartist asmr

  13. bit.ly

    I used to be suggested this web site by
    my cousin. I am not certain whether this submit is written via him as nobody
    else realize such distinctive about my problem.
    You are amazing! Thanks! asmr 0mniartist

  14. bit.ly

    It’s actually a nice and useful piece of info.
    I am glad that you just shared this useful info with
    us. Please stay us informed like this. Thanks for
    sharing. asmr 0mniartist

  15. monero mixer

    Very good article.Really looking forward to read more. Really Great.

  16. how to fingering

    I really like and appreciate your blog article.Thanks Again. Keep writing.

  17. Audio Erotic Porn

    Thanks-a-mundo for the article.Really looking forward to read more. Really Cool.

  18. Vidalista 60 mg

    Very informative blog article.Really looking forward to read more. Fantastic.

  19. your gamefly

    Hello to all, how is all, I think every one is getting more from this web page,
    and your views are nice designed for new people.

  20. asmr it

    Hi! I simply would like to give you a huge thumbs up for your
    excellent information you have got right here on this post.
    I am coming back to your site for more soon.

  21. with asmr

    I am extremely impressed with your writing skills as well as with the layout on your weblog.
    Is this a paid theme or did you modify it yourself?
    Either way keep up the nice quality writing, it’s rare to see a great blog like this one
    nowadays.

  22. tron blender

    I cannot thank you enough for the blog article.Thanks Again. Really Great.

  23. asmr off

    It’s enormous that you are getting ideas from this post as well as from our discussion made at
    this time.

  24. small dildos

    Major thankies for the blog article.Really looking forward to read more. Fantastic.

  25. This is the perfect website for anybody who really wants to find out about this topic. You understand so much its almost hard to argue with you (not that I personally will need to…HaHa). You definitely put a new spin on a subject that’s been discussed for years. Great stuff, just excellent!

  26. gamefly off

    Stunning quest there. What occurred after? Take
    care!

  27. our asmr

    Hi there this is kind of of off topic but I was wanting to know if blogs use WYSIWYG editors or
    if you have to manually code with HTML. I’m starting a blog soon but have no coding knowledge so
    I wanted to get guidance from someone with experience.
    Any help would be greatly appreciated!

  28. Hi my loved one! I want to say that this article
    is awesome, great written and come with almost all vital infos.

    I’d like to peer extra posts like this .

  29. why asmr

    Hello! Would you mind if I share your blog with my facebook group?

    There’s a lot of people that I think would really appreciate your content.
    Please let me know. Many thanks

  30. asmr or

    Greate post. Keep posting such kind of info on your blog.
    Im really impressed by it.
    Hello there, You’ve done a fantastic job. I’ll
    certainly digg it and in my view suggest to my friends.

    I’m sure they’ll be benefited from this website.

  31. scoliosis
    Thank you for any other excellent article. The place else may just anybody get that kind of information in such an ideal approach of writing?
    I’ve a presentation next week, and I’m on the search for such info.
    scoliosis

  32. bitly.com

    scoliosis
    whoah this weblog is wonderful i like studying your articles.
    Keep up the good work! You realize, a lot of people are searching round for this information,
    you could aid them greatly. scoliosis

  33. askmebet

    Very neat article.Much thanks again.

  34. zortilonrel

    Really fantastic information can be found on web site.

  35. FrankUtige

    ivermectin 50 mg: ivermectin – ivermectin lice

  36. t.co

    scoliosis
    Its like you read my mind! You appear to know so much about this, like you
    wrote the book in it or something. I think that you can do with some pics to
    drive the message home a bit, but other than that, this is magnificent blog.
    An excellent read. I will certainly be back.
    scoliosis

  37. FrankUtige

    can i buy lisinopril online: buy lisinopril – lisinopril 5 mg tabs

  38. asmr my

    Hi my family member! I want to say that this post is awesome, nice written and
    include approximately all important infos. I would like to peer more posts like this .

  39. link

    Thanks-a-mundo for the post.Thanks Again. Fantastic.

  40. Hi there to every single one, it’s in fact a fastidious
    for me to go to see this site, it includes useful Information.

  41. I do believe all the ideas you’ve offered on your
    post. They are very convincing and will definitely work.
    Still, the posts are very short for beginners. May just you please
    extend them a little from next time? Thanks for the post.

  42. Normally I don’t learn article on blogs, however I wish to
    say that this write-up very compelled me to check out and do
    so! Your writing taste has been surprised me. Thanks, very great post.

  43. Excellent post. I was checking constantly
    this blog and I am impressed! Extremely useful information particularly the last part 🙂 I care for such info a lot.

    I was looking for this particular information for a very long time.
    Thank you and best of luck.

  44. Thank you for the auspicious writeup. It in truth was a enjoyment account
    it. Glance complex to far added agreeable from you!

    By the way, how can we keep in touch?

  45. For most up-to-date information you have to go to see world-wide-web and on internet I found this site as a finest
    web site for most recent updates.

  46. masturbator

    Really appreciate you sharing this blog.Much thanks again. Want more.

  47. JimmyLob

    generic amoxicillin 500mg cheap amoxil – amoxicillin cephalexin

  48. tinyurl.com

    Hello! Do you know if they make any plugins to help with SEO?
    I’m trying to get my blog to rank for some targeted keywords but I’m not seeing
    very good gains. If you know of any please
    share. Thanks!

  49. JimmyLob

    wellbutrin canada wellbutrin – can you buy wellbutrin over the counter

  50. top article

    Thanks so much for the blog article.Really looking forward to read more. Fantastic.

  51. Crime Check

    Wow, great blog article.Really thank you! Want more.

  52. Hello! I am looking pro view about how to belittle my monthly payment. Currently, I have in the offing thither $75,000 in disciple difficulties and I take advantage of CommonBond. I infer from that the larger the allowance, the bigger the monthly payment, but it has been critical to conceal up with a $1,000 a month payment. Is there any advice to get this payment lower? I have planned already refinanced four years ago but there has to be something assorted I can do. Any bit of intelligence desire take me pass‚ a bunch.

    chase student loans payment online

  53. JimmyLob

    wellbutrin cost without insurance buy wellbutrin – cheap wellbutrin

  54. JimmyLob

    over the counter ed remedies cheap drugs – buy prescription drugs online

  55. wand massager

    This is one awesome blog article.Much thanks again. Will read on…

  56. Davidrab

    amoxicillin online without prescription doxycycline tablets – amoxicillin 500 mg tablet price

  57. Introspection

    Im thankful for the article.Really looking forward to read more. Much obliged.

  58. RandyAgicE

    cialis strength [url=https://cialiswebpills.us]cvs cialis cost[/url] is cialis
    cialis brand name cialis cost cvs daily cialis coupon

  59. Miriam Dennis

    Just want to say your article is as astonishing.

    The clarity in your post is just spectacular and i can assume you’re an expert on this
    subject. Well with your permission let me to grab your
    RSS feed to keep up to date with forthcoming post.

    Thanks a million and please carry on the gratifying work.

  60. Anthony Summerlin

    It is appropriate time to make some plans for the future and it’s time
    to be happy. I’ve read this put up and if I may just I want to counsel you few attention-grabbing things or suggestions.

    Maybe you can write subsequent articles regarding this article.
    I desire to learn more issues approximately it!

  61. Willard Butler

    Way cool! Some very valid points! I appreciate you penning this post and
    also the rest of the website is also really good.

  62. Joshuakah

    cialis capsule price [url=https://cialis739.us]cialis shelf life[/url] cialis with dapoxetine
    purchase peptides tadalafil tadalafil 20 tadalafil goodrx

  63. Everett Young

    cialis price list cialis forms tadalafil 30mg liquid

  64. Duncanhok

    cialis overnight pharmacy [url=https://cialis741.us]tadalafil generic coupon[/url] cialis dosage 20mg
    canadian drugstore cialis tadalafil gel cialis online canada

  65. Patrick Mitchell

    make sure used between parties to encrypt a file into this cipher text state from clear text and send…via a secure channel like HTTPS or FTPS). Encryption can get to be a pretty complex area, which is sometimes

  66. William Ashbeck

    Ahaa, its pleasant dialogue regarding this article here at this website, I have
    read all that, so now me also commenting at this place.

  67. JessiePaw

    sildenafil canada [url=https://viagra741.us]20 mg sildenafil[/url] coupons for sildenafil
    sildenafil 100mg india generic viagra sales sildenafil price uk

  68. Sophia Nelson

    Its like you learn my mind! You seem to understand so much about this, like you wrote the
    book in it or something. I think that you just can do with some
    p.c. to drive the message home a bit, however instead of that, that
    is wonderful blog. A great read. I’ll certainly be back.

  69. Williamves

    buy amoxicillin online without prescription buy amoxil – buy amoxicillin online cheap

  70. Richardsab

    brand name cialis [url=https://cialis742.us]cheap cialis generic[/url] cialis europe
    walmart cialis price viagra vs cialis tadalafil peptide

  71. pg slot

    This is one awesome blog article.Really thank you! Keep writing.

  72. JosephTub

    levitra drug [url=https://levitra742.us]levitra dosage generic[/url] levitra 10mg price
    otc levitra levitra vs viagra vardenafil paypal

  73. Nicholas Krall

    Howdy would you mind sharing which blog platform you’re
    using? I’m going to start my own blog soon but I’m having a difficult time choosing between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.
    The reason I ask is because your layout seems different then most blogs and I’m looking for something completely unique.
    P.S My apologies for getting off-topic but I had to ask!

  74. Tara Privitera

    I am sure this piece of writing has touched all the internet visitors, its really really good
    post on building up new webpage.

  75. Eugene Hubbard

    I’ll right away grasp your rss feed as I can not find your email subscription hyperlink or newsletter service.
    Do you have any? Kindly permit me know in order that I could subscribe.

    Thanks.

  76. slotpg

    I think this is a real great post.Really looking forward to read more. Really Great.

  77. Sara Rieth

    I am sure this piece of writing has touched all the internet people, its
    really really good paragraph on building up new weblog.

  78. Jane Bess

    amlodipine interactions norvasc 5 mg amlodipine and simvastatin

  79. Pablo Choate

    Hello just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The text in your content seem to be running off
    the screen in Opera. I’m not sure if this is a format issue or something to do
    with browser compatibility but I figured I’d post to let
    you know. The layout look great though! Hope you get the
    issue resolved soon. Cheers

  80. Davidpen

    amlodipine medication [url=https://amlodipine20.us]amlodipine besylate[/url] norvasc 5mg
    amlodipine brand name norvasc amlodipine 10 mg

  81. Jennifer Roebuck

    I’ve been browsing on-line more than 3 hours nowadays, yet I never discovered any interesting article like yours.
    It’s beautiful value enough for me. In my view, if all webmasters
    and bloggers made just right content material as you did,
    the internet will probably be much more useful than ever
    before.

  82. Mary Rhymes

    There’s certainly a great deal to know about this issue. I like all the points you have made.

  83. Michelle

    It’s in fact very complicated in this full of activity life to listen news
    on TV, therefore I only use web for that purpose, and get the
    latest information.

  84. JamesHed

    losartan 100mg [url=https://losartan20.us]losartan 25mg[/url] warnings for losartan
    losartan hctz recall losartan hctz recall losartan medication

  85. Linda Corn

    I’ll immediately grab your rss as I can not to
    find your e-mail subscription hyperlink or e-newsletter service.
    Do you’ve any? Please permit me understand in order
    that I may subscribe. Thanks.

  86. Juan Williams

    I just couldn’t depart your site prior to suggesting that I really enjoyed the usual information an individual supply on your visitors?
    Is gonna be back frequently to investigate cross-check new posts

  87. Williamves

    amoxicillin 500 mg purchase without prescription amoxil – amoxicillin tablets in india

  88. Fidelvaw

    meloxicam side effects [url=https://meloxicam20.us]meloxicam vs ibuprofen[/url] meloxicam side effects
    meloxicam side effects what is meloxicam meloxicam vs ibuprofen

  89. Robertquofe

    what is metoprolol [url=https://metoprolol20.us]metoprolol succinate warnings[/url] metoprolol 50 mg
    metoprolol medication metoprolol medication metoprolol tartrate dosage

  90. RobertWek

    duloxetine 60mg [url=https://duloxetine20.us]cymbalta[/url] duloxetine hcl
    cymbalta 30 mg cymbalta for pain cymbalta weight gain

  91. JesseAnows

    steroids prednisone [url=https://prednisone20.us]prednisone 50 mg[/url] interactions for prednisone
    prednisone 5mg cost what is prednisone prednisone half life

  92. Iva Stephens

    cheap atlanta braves jerseys.Welcome to Green Baseball Jersey shop – one of the
    best suppliers on the Internet. We specialise in the manufacture and
    supply of top quality cheap cheap nfl jerseys free shipping.

  93. Shawnowect

    viagra otc [url=https://sildenafil20.us]comprar viagra[/url] acheter viagra
    price of viagra viagra substitute viagra prices walmart

Leave a Reply